Periodontal disease is inflammation or loss of support structures for the teeth-including the gingiva (gums), periodontal ligament, and the bone. 85% of dogs and 75% of cats over the age of 3 have periodontal disease. As periodontal disease progresses, it can lead to tooth loss. However, there are other, less obvious side effects to periodontal disease. The chronic inflammation in the mouth leads to inflammatory mediators and bacterial byproducts and toxins to be circulated throughout the body and can cause distant organ effects. In human medicine, studies have shown that stage 2 periodontal disease, which means there is greater than 21% of bone loss surrounding the teeth, leads to a greater than 70% increase in death. This is greater than the risk of smoking! Obviously pets aren’t people, but studies have shown organ changes from periodontal disease. We often see an increase in liver enzymes from the inflammation of the mouth. There are increased fibrotic (scar tissue) changes in the kidneys, liver, and heart muscles found on post mortem exam. Diabetes control is more difficult in patients with periodontal disease as well. Patients with periodontal disease had a 14% increased risk for cancer, after adjusting for other known risk factors. The eyes can become affected by dental disease as well. Facial swelling, draining tract, […]Learn More
Heritage Animal Hospital is a full-service veterinarian clinic that provides examinations, diagnostic services, dental care, surgical services, medicine, grooming and boarding services in Maple Grove, Minnesota. We are dedicated to providing the highest level of pet care possible and facilitating an environment where client communication and education are at the forefront of our practice.
12624 Base Lake Road
Maple Grove, MN 55369
Mon-Fri: 7:30 a.m. - 6:30 p.m.
Sat: 7:30 a.m. - 6:30 p.m.